Population & Language

Slovenia has approx. 2 million inhabitants. Its population is slowly declining as in most of other European countries. However, the infant mortality rate is among the lowest in the world (2.8 per 1,000liveborns). Life expectancy is 75 years for men and 82.3 for women. There is nearly 100% literacy in Slovenia (99.6%).

According to Eurostat’s Population Projections for Slovenia (2008–2060), the scenario that takes into account changes in fertility, mortality and migration, the population of Slovenia will be increasing until 2019 but after that year it will start to decline. Thus from the present number of 2.02 million, by 2019 the population should increase to almost 2.06 million and then slowly but steadily decline to 1.76 million in 2060. Such development will be the result of constant increase in life expectancy at birth, modest increase in fertility and relatively modest net migration.

At present, when life expectancy is expanding and the number of elderly men and women is increasing, age can no longer be perceived solely as the stage when vitality is reduced. Across Europe, age is considered as an opportunity and elderly people are seen as hidden treasures of knowledge and experience, concealed human resources. Therefore, age is an issue of agreement in the society.

Age structure0-1415-6465 and over13.9%70.0%16.1%
Life expectancy at birthFemaleMale82.3 years75 years
Infant mortality rate2.8 per1,000 births
Population increase (per 1,000inhabitants, 2007)TotalNatural7.70.6
Nationalities (as determined in the 2002 census)SlovenesCroatsSerbsHungariansItaliansOthers83.1%1.81%1.98%0.32%0.11%12.68%
ReligionPredominantly Roman Catholic, small numbers of Protestants, Orthodox Christians, Muslims and Jews
Official LanguageSlovene, in nationally mixed areas, also Italian and Hungarian
Average household expenditureTransportFood and soft drinksHousingRecreations and culture15.9%14.1%10.7%9.1%

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2009

Slovenian Language

The Slovenian language has played a special role throughout Slovenia’s history and is still considered as one of the foundations of national identity. It is a Southern Slavonic language spoken by only two million people. In spite of various influences, in particular Germanic, it has preserved its special features. The most notable of them is the dual form (next to singular and plural), nowadays very rare in other languages.